Ecological Modernisation and Japan by Brendan F.D. Barrett

By Brendan F.D. Barrett

Within the Nineties, Japan steadily started to flip eco-friendly and began to scan with extra participatory different types of environmental governance. Ecological Modernisation and Japan explores this alteration and appears at Japan as a case for ecological modernisation whereas contextualising the dialogue inside of its distinctive historical past and up to date discussions approximately globalisation and sustainability. It makes an important contribution to the ecological modernisation debate via unpacking the japanese environmental event.

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6 For instance, Japan lays about 30 times as much concrete per square foot as does the United States, with 60 per cent of the Japanese coastline now covered in concrete and 110 out of 113 major rivers dammed (Kerr 2001). 7 Schwartz (2003:14) describes the 1990s as a watershed for Japanese civil society and cites the finding from Yamamoto (1999) regarding the increase in newspaper articles in the three leading Japanese newspapers on NGOs and NPOs from 178 in 1990 to 2,868 in 1997. Barrett Having escaped the bonds of the traditional, undeveloped economy, and unlocked the secrets of growth, the question remains of how to channel that growth so that human needs are met…The problem is profoundly political but at the same time it is a moral and philosophical issue.

When evaluating the impact of this legislation, we need to take into consideration a complex interplay of factors including the general public’s dissatisfaction with the misuse of funds for major infrastructure projects, concerns regarding the continued degradation of the natural environment and the need to move toward a human-nature interaction that is harmonious rather than destructive, as signified by new strategies to protect Japan’s biodiversity (as discussed in Chapter 3). The second relates to Japan’s hosting of the third Conference of Parties to the Climate Change Convention in 1997.

The second perspective explains the influences on political discourses in terms of the acuteness of pollution and the geographic conditions and natural resource endowments where Japan is portrayed as densely populated, highly polluted and dependent on resources from overseas (see Barrett and Therivel 1991; Iijima 1992; Ui 1992; Tsuru 1999; Wong 2001). The third perspective, political opportunities structures (POS), requires that we look into the way that Japanese institutional structures constrain or promote political mobilization (see Chapter 3), as well as prevailing strategies and alliance structures (Kriesi et al.

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