An Introduction to Modern Jewish Philosophy by Norbert M. Samuelson

By Norbert M. Samuelson

The booklet is split into 3 sections. the 1st offers a normal old evaluate for the Jewish notion that follows. the second one summarizes the range of simple different types of well known, optimistic Jewish dedication within the 20th century. The 3rd and significant part summarizes the fundamental considered these smooth Jewish philosophers whose suggestion is technically the easiest and/or the main influential in Jewish highbrow circles. The Jewish philosophers coated comprise Spinoza, Mendelssohn, Hermann Cohen, Martin Buber, Franz Rosenzweig, Mordecai Kaplan, and Emil Fackenheim.

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To meet thin request I conclude each chapter with a list of key names, terms, and questions, Because this text merely summarizes at the most general level the history behind and the thought of only the most important modern Jewish philosophers, I am inclined to want the students to know everything However since I expect them to prepare one chapter for every class session and I realize that there are limits on how much even the best students can absorb in a short period of time, I have restricted each list to a maximum of twenty entries.

SUNY series in Jewish philosophy) Includes bibliographies and index. ISBN 0-88706-959-2. ) 1. Philosophy, JewishHistory19th century. 2. Philosophy, JewishHistory20th century. 3. JudaismHistoryModern period, 1750-4. Rosenzweig, Franz, 1886-1929. I. Title. II. Series. S25 1989 296'. 01dc1988-15379 CIP To all my students at Temple University (1975-1987), in appreciation of their enthusiasm, constructive criticism, and devotion in studying earlier drafts of this text. CONTENTS Introduction ix Part I Historical Background 1.

Changes in the external or foreign environment in which the Jewish people lived at different times brought about changes in the structure of Judaism. Rule by monarchs gave way to government by priests, and rule by priests was replaced by the dynasty of the rabbis. Throughout all of these external pressures, the children of Israel were able to preserve their communal, national, and religious identity. However, in the seventeenth Page 21 century, particularly in Central Europe, new changes began to affect Jewish life, forcing the Jewish people to rethink and even reconstruct the very idea of what they thought it meant to be a Jew.

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