By Ralph D Christy
This significant publication explores replacement techniques in agricultural and rural improvement to handle the affects of globalization methods on smallholder agriculturalists and marginalized rural humans. Its objective is twofold: (1) to spot and investigate the foremost procedures in which globalization is affecting the smallholder agricultural and rural sectors; and (2) to spot and suggest either micro- and macro-level guidelines and different suggestions to accommodate the issues that arise.This quantity offers writings of prime students and practitioners operating within the deepest and public sectors. Their paintings specializes in significant crosscutting concerns within the constructing international and on country-specific case stories.
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Additional resources for Achieving Sustainable Communities in a Global Economy: Alternative Private Strategies and Public Policies
Along with a profitability strategy, linked to the opening of financial and commodity markets (the globalization process), firms must embrace a long-term view of emerging markets. By investing in underperforming assets in emerging markets, firms need to acknowledge that in the shorterterm, the investment contributes to the profitability growth goal by improving the social welfare and purchasing power of future consumers. In the longer term, the investment assets will contribute to measurable future profits.
Expectations for either indirect or direct exporting strategies are low, principally because these strategies indicate a limited commitment or a short-term view of the developing country market. These low expectations help reconcile the different goals of the firm and the developing country. Three of the strategies for entry into foreign markets — contracts, joint ventures, and direct foreign investments — present greater challenges when faced with different goals: social welfare for the developing country and profits for the firm.
How can society ensure that its priorities, beyond those of the firm, are being met? How can private programs be integrated with national and multinational development programs? How can society guard against unintended consequences that might result from corporate social programs? For example, corporate programs may inadvertently empower one social group at the expense of another, thereby creating or exacerbating social frictions. Alternatively, a program may create new problems, even as it tries to solve an old one.