By Hasia Diner, Gennady Estraikh
The yr 1929 represents an enormous turning aspect in interwar Jewish society, proving to be a yr while Jews, despite the place they lived, observed themselves tormented by advancements that happened all over the world, because the crises persisted by means of different Jews grew to become a part of the transnational Jewish realization. within the usa, the inventory industry crash introduced lasting monetary, social, and ideological alterations to the Jewish group and restricted its skill to aid humanitarian and nationalist tasks in different international locations. In Palestine, the anti-Jewish riots in Hebron and different cities underscored the vulnerability of the Zionist firm and ignited heated discussions between quite a few Jewish political teams concerning the knowledge of creating a Jewish kingdom on its historic web site. even as, within the Soviet Union, the consolidation of strength within the arms of Stalin created a way more dogmatic weather within the foreign Communist stream, together with its Jewish branches. Featuring a gleaming array of students of Jewish historical past, 1929 surveys the Jewish global in a single yr supplying transparent examples of the transnational connections which associated Jews to every other—from politics, international relations, and philanthropy to literature, tradition, and the destiny of Yiddish—regardless of the place they lived. Taken jointly, the essays in 1929 argue that, no matter if American, Soviet, German, Polish, or Palestinian, Jews through the international lived in a world context. Hasia Diner is Paul S. and Sylvia Steinberg Professor of yankee Jewish historical past, Skirball division of Hebrew and Judaic experiences at manhattan college. She is the writer of the award-winning We be mindful with Reverence and Love: American Jews and the parable of Silence after the Holocaust, 1945-1962 (NYU Press, 2009). Gennady Estraikh is affiliate Professor of Yiddish reports, Skirball division of Hebrew and Judaic reports at long island University. In the Goldstein-Goren sequence in American Jewish History
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Additional info for 1929: Mapping the Jewish World (The Goldstein-Goren Series in American Jewish History)
Soviet trade unions were part of the one-party-state apparatus and did little to protect their members’ rights, but a trade-union card was a token of acceptance into the Soviet mainstream. 36 << The Stalinist “Great Break” in Yiddishland >> 37 While the number of Jews who achieved access to the most prestigious and lucrative positions in society was growing rapidly through the 1920s, they remained a minority of the general Jewish population. Thus, even when the party’s Jewish membership quadrupled during the years 1922–30 to 76,000, communists made up less than 3 percent of Soviet Jews—or perhaps as much as 10 percent, if one takes into account the communists’ spouses and children.
Zapiska o sovete zashchity prav evreiskikh men’shinstv,” Central Zionist Archives, Jerusalem, A126/686 (handwritten annotation “1928 oder 1929”). 13. Wolf to Mrs. W. Swanwick, 20 February 1928, YIVO Archives, RG348/91/9524. 14. In Reznikoff, Louis Marshall, 775. 15. Ibid. 16. Jewish Agency for Palestine, Constitution of the Jewish Agency for Palestine (London, 1929). The Stalinist “Great Break” in Yiddishland Gennady Estraikh The year 1929 marked the end of a five-year “romantic” period in Soviet Jewish history.
15. The American Jewish Committee maintained a Statistical Department, and reflecting its understanding of itself as not just an American Jewish organization with concern for the fate of American Jewry, it collected and analyzed data on Jews around the world. See Linfield, Statistics of Jews, as a case in point. The volume devoted thirteen pages to American Jews and their statistical profile but over fifty pages to Jews elsewhere. 26 << Hasia R. Diner 16. Jonathan Sarna, JPS: The Americanization of Jewish Culture, 1888–1988 (Philadelphia: Jewish Publication Society of America, 1989), 70–75.